Jesus Arrest and Trial
What happened during Jesus' arrest and trial?
The evening of Jesus’ arrest and trial began with Jesus and his disciples in the Garden of Gethsemane:
“While he was still speaking, Judas, one of the Twelve, arrived. With him was a large crowd armed with swords and clubs, sent from the chief priests and the elders of the people. Now the betrayer had arranged a signal with them: ‘The one I kiss is the man; arrest him.’ Going at once to Jesus, Judas said, ‘Greetings, Rabbi!’ and kissed him.
“Jesus replied, ‘Friend, do what you came for.’
“Then the men stepped forward, seized Jesus and arrested him. With that, one of Jesus' companions reached for his sword, drew it out and struck the servant of the high priest, cutting off his ear.
"‘Put your sword back in its place,’ Jesus said to him, ‘for all who draw the sword will die by the sword. Do you think I cannot call on my Father, and he will at once put at my disposal more than twelve legions of angels? But how then would the Scriptures be fulfilled that say it must happen in this way?’
“At that time Jesus said to the crowd, ‘Am I leading a rebellion, that you have come out with swords and clubs to capture me? Every day I sat in the temple courts teaching, and you did not arrest me. But this has all taken place that the writings of the prophets might be fulfilled.’ Then all the disciples deserted him and fled.
Jesus' Arrest and Trial – Timeline of Trials
1:30 a.m. -3:00 a.m. – Trial 1
Trial 1: Annas, former Jewish High Priest for 16 years - Jesus receives initial physical abuse.
Current Jewish High Priest, Caiaphas, and the Sanhedrin Court - Jesus bloodied by abuse.
3:00 a.m. - 5:00 a.m.
Imprisonment at Caiaphas' palace
5:00 a.m. - 6:00 a.m. - Trial 3
All the Jewish elders, including the High Priest, scribes and whole Sanhedrin. They decide to ask the Roman government to kill Jesus.
6:00 a.m. - 7:00 a.m. - Trial 4
Hearing before Roman governor Pilate, who declares, "I find no guilt in this man."
7:00 a.m. - 7:30 a.m. - Trial 5
Hearing before Herod Antipas, the son of Herod the Great, who had jurisdiction over Galilee. Jesus refused to answer any questions so Herod returned Him quickly to Pilate.
7:30 a.m.-8:30 a.m. - Trial 6
Pilate repeatedly tried to release Jesus but the Jewish leaders continued to object. Pilate physically tortured and beat Jesus beyond recognition seeking to satisfy the Jewish leaders. However the Jews demanded that Jesus be crucified. Pilate resisted but eventually gave the order to execute Jesus.
Jesus' Trial - Learn More!
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